But it's not just politicians who need educating. I think that everyone could use a primer on this. So, without further ado:
- There is some evidence that stress hormones can mess with the menstrual cycle, making ovulation somewhat less likely. "Somewhat less likely" does NOT equal "the female body has ways of shutting that whole thing down." Comments like Akin's are extremely offensive: to all women, to rape survivors in particular, and also to people who were conceived in rape (because it's basically suggesting that their moms lied about having been raped).
- While trying to make sense of a sexual assault is obviously very stressful, the sexual assault itself might not involve stress hormones. We tend to think of rape in a dramatic, Hollywood sort of way, a woman being abducted in the night and forced at gunpoint. But rape can happen in any number of ways. A woman might be drugged, or she might be assaulted while she is sleeping. And then there's statutory rape: a fourteen-year-old girl is not capable of meaningful consent to a sex act with an adult man, even though she might perceive the sex as consensual at the time.
- Note: there is absolutely no excuse for pro-life activists/politicians to be ignorant of the connections between statutory rape, teen pregnancy, and abortion. No excuse.
- An unfertilized egg can live in the womb for up to 24 hours, waiting for sperm to arrive. If ovulation has already occurred, no amount of stress hormone will stop it. (Rep. Phil Gringey actually made this point himself, but once he said that Akin was "partly right," people understandably stopped listening.)
- False reports of rape are rare. Any crime can be falsely reported, of course-- but as far as I know, no politician has ever used the phrase "legitimate theft." Reporting a crime takes courage, particularly when the crime is of a very personal nature, so we should not automatically treat reports with suspicion.
- Bottom line: Pregnancy from rape can and does happen. Women cannot exercise mind control over their reproductive systems. And when a woman reports that she has been sexually assaulted, she deserves nothing but compassion.