If that sounds mundane... well, it would be, except that it's the subject of a lot of misinformation. The entities that would become ineligible to receive grants naturally don't want the Act to pass. Money is on the line. They have lobbyists and P.R. firms. The public is misled. Welcome to Washington, D.C.
I recently came across a perfect example, when an ad for an Ultraviolet petition showed up in my facebook newsfeed. It began dramatically: "Birth control. Cancer screening. STD testing. Prenatal care. GONE."
I clicked on the ad. The next sentence: "Extreme Republicans are moving quickly to pass bills eliminating Planned Parenthood funding permanently—ending all of these vital services for the 5 million women and men nationwide who depend on public family planning providers every year."
That is blatantly false. Unfortunately, the truth is at a disadvantage because it doesn't fit on a bumper sticker.
To understand what's going on, let's walk through the bill. You can read the full text of it here. The key provision states:
Title X of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Sec. 1009. Additional prohibition regarding abortion
The Secretary shall not provide any assistance under this title to an entity unless the entity certifies that, during the period of such assistance, the entity will not perform, and will not provide any funds to any other entity that performs, an abortion.The "Secretary" is the Secretary of Health and Human Services, which oversees family planning grants under Title X. Under the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, applicants that perform abortions will be passed over in favor of those that do not. Among those that do not are more than 8,000 Federally Qualified Health Centers—not-for-profit neighborhood health clinics that provide affordable medical care on a sliding scale. By comparison, Planned Parenthood has fewer than 700 locations, which in recent years have reduced their provision of birth control, cancer screenings, and especially prenatal care, while increasing abortions.
In short, cancer screenings will not be "GONE." Far from it. They will continue to be available at FQHCs and other affordable healthcare providers. Those entities will continue to apply for and receive Title X grants as appropriate, and nothing in the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act changes the amount of grant money available. What's more, if Planned Parenthood agreed not to perform abortions during the grant period, it could receive taxpayer funding too! (It won't; in 2013 the national Planned Parenthood organization began requiring all of its affiliates to perform abortions.)
Both pro-life and pro-choice groups have referred to the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act as legislation to "defund Planned Parenthood." I think that's unfortunate, because (1) the word "defund" may lead people to believe that there will be a decrease in family planning funding, when that isn't the case, and (2) the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act does not single out Planned Parenthood; it redirects funding away from abortion providers in general (not just Planned Parenthood) and toward healthcare providers who do not commit abortions (which could include Planned Parenthood if it were willing to drop the practice). I realize that "Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act" is a mouthful, but it's much more accurate.
Ultraviolet describes the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act as "especially heinous" (which makes me think that whoever wrote it watches a lot of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit). But what's really heinous is that abortion activist groups like Ultraviolet are scaring the American people into believing that they could lose access to tests for life-threatening illnesses like HIV and cancer, when that is false—and they know it.